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Metro System - Map of Beijing - Beijing Map Search Engine
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Beijing - Map of Beijing

Beijing ,a metropolis in northern China, is the capital of the People's Republic of China (PRC). It is also known in English as Peking (English pronunciation (info)). Beijing is also one of the four municipalities of the PRC, which are equivalent to provinces in China's administrative structure. Beijing Municipality borders Hebei Province to the north, west, south, and for a small section in the east, and Tianjin Municipality to the southeast.

Beijing is China's second largest city, after Shanghai. It is a major transportation hub, with dozens of railways, roads and motorways passing through the city. It is also the focal point of many international flights to China. Beijing is recognised as the political, educational, and cultural center of the People's Republic of China, while Shanghai and Hong Kong predominate in economic fields.

Beijing Subway - Metro System

The Beijing Subway is a rapid transit rail network that serves the urban and suburban districts of Beijing municipality. It is owned by the city of Beijing and has two operators, the wholly state owned Beijing Mass Transit Railway Operation Corp., which operates 12 lines, and the Beijing MTR Corp., a public-private joint-venture with the Hong Kong MTR, which manages 2 lines.

The subway's first line opened in 1969, and the network now has 14 lines, 172 stations and 336 km (209 mi) of track in operation. It is the oldest subway in mainland China, and the second in length after the Shanghai Metro. Among the world's metro systems, the Beijing Subway ranks fourth in track length after the metros of Shanghai, London and New York, and fifth in annual ridership after those of Tokyo, Moscow, Seoul, and Shanghai.

In 2010, the Beijing Subway delivered over 1.8 billion rides, and on September 9, 2011, set a single-day record of 7.57 million. All but two of Beijing Subway's 14 lines were built within the past decade. On December 30, 2010, five lines, Line 15, Changping, Fangshan, Yizhuang and Daxing, entered into operation. Despite this rapid expansion, the existing network cannot adequately meet the city's mass transit needs and extensive expansion plans call for 19 lines and over 660 km (410 mi) of track in operation by 2015 and 1,000 km (620 mi) by 2020. The Chinese government's ¥4 trillion economic stimulus package has accelerated subway construction. The network is set to reach 420 km (260 mi) by 2012.