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While it may be conceived as a single city, Trujillo is not a single administrative unit, rather it is the core or center of a major metropolitan area that covers an area of 110,000 ha, and consists of 9 municipalities in the province, of which 5 are completely metropolitan area, while the remaining 4 are partially, and in which resides a population over the 804 thousand inhabitants, constituting itself as the third most populous metropolitan area of Peru.
The foundation of the city is not defined accurately, it is known that he was Diego de Almagro founded on December 6, 1534 under the name "New Castile Trujillo, a territory populated by ancestral civilizations ancient, yet its foundation was made official by Francisco Pizarro on March 5, 1535, date on which settled its first chapter, is administratively and commercially in a major city of the Viceroyalty of Peru.
For his role in the independence process, Trujillo was conferred the title "Meritorious City and Faithful to the Fatherland", the city is the birthplace of Peru's judiciary, has met twice with the role of Capital country and was the scene of the Revolution of Trujillo in 1932.
To Trujillo is known as the "City of Eternal Spring", "National Marinera Capital" and "Culture Capital of Peru", epithet won by the considerable amount of cultural events of national and international taking place in the city, among which, the "National Contest of Marinera", the "International Festival of Spring and the" International Book Fair , which is among one of the most important cultural events the country .
At the metropolitan level, Trujillo has two archaeological sites, where houses are important pre-Columbian monuments such as Chan Chan, the largest mud city in the ancient world, declared World Heritage by UNESCO in 1986 also, the temples of the Sun, the largest adobe pyramid in Peru and Moon .
The downtown is filled with several monuments, including buildings predominate product of religious architecture prevailing during the colonial era, besides houses dating from the same era and the beginnings of the republic, whose distinctive are its windows how to lace railings.
The metropolis has residential areas, a central business and industrial supply distribution to the various districts. Also, the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Trujillo has its seat here.